Causes and Symptoms of Substance Abuse
Addiction is a compulsive and chronic mental disorder that causes someone to habitually use a substance in an effort to achieve a desired outcome, usually a high. People can become addicted to many different things, usually because of the addictive nature of a substance. Nicotine, alcohol, sex, and drugs are the most common addictions in the United States.
The causes of addiction can vary, but usually stem from various risk factors. Some of these factors include:
- Inadequacies in early childhood development, whether nutritional or mental;
- Inconsistent or chaotic home environment;
- Genetic factors, or a genetic tendency to be at risk for addiction/addictive personality traits;
- Insufficient parental nurturing;
- Insufficient socialization in childhood, and/or aggressive or shy behavior in adolescence;
- Poor social coping and school performance;
- Falling in with the wrong crowd; being around drug use and being accustomed to it.
Though these factors do not guarantee a child will grow up to become an addict, they certainly make it easier to do. And those who do not grow up with any of these risk factors may also fall into addictions, typically as a coping method for something lacking in life, whether actual or perceived.
It is important to be aware of these risk factors, so as to guide children and adolescents away from the path of addiction. If you are afraid they may have already begun their way down that path, there are many various noticeable symptoms of substance abuse, including the following:
Friends and family may be among the first to recognize the signs of substance abuse. Early recognition increases chances for successful treatment. Signs to watch for include the following:
- Feelings of depression or hopelessness;
- Unusual aggressive or irritable behavior;
- Declining grades or participation in social activities
- Disappearing money or valuables
- Paraphernalia such as baggies, small boxes, pipes, and rolling paper
- Using addictive substances on a regular basis, pressuring others to use, or believing that the only way to have fun is to use these substances;
- Lying about money or valuables, or how much/often the substance is used; getting defensive about the use;
- Getting in trouble with the law, at school or work.
Early recognition of the risk factors by friends and family can help increase the chance that a person will not fall into abuse of a substance and become addicted. Also, early recognition of symptoms of addiction can be a tremendous help in successful treatment and stopping of that addiction. The earlier that it is caught, the easier it will be to stop.
Types of Drug Rehabs and Detox Centers
If you or a loved one is struggling with an addiction to drugs or alcohol, it is important to receive professional help to being the road to recovery. Unfortunately, there is no one type of rehabilitation center for everyone—different styles and methods help different people, and then can only be successful if the person truly wants to help themselves.
In order to best choose why types of programs might work best for you, ask yourself these questions:
- What substance(s) are you addicted to?
- How long have you been addicted?
- What type of budget do you have for various programs?
It is always best, and easiest, to start your recovery with a backbone of friends and family supporting you. Those who have a great support system waiting to help them after treatment are most likely to have successful treatment and stay clean. Someone who has no one to support them is more likely to fall back into their addictions once treatment is completed.
There are many various popular rehab and treatment options.
Here are three of the most popular methods of beating your addictions:
Long-term rehabilitation programs:
Sometimes called inpatient drug rehabs, this program is where the person with an addiction checks in to live in a residence or recovery center, usually starting for 60 days or more. Long term rehab is usually the most comprehensive treatment, as you can fully detox while addressing the medical and mental issues of your addictions and withdrawals. This type of rehab is usually recommended for people who have struggled with addictions for a long time. Maker sure that you have a medical insurance plan that includes rehab.
Outpatient rehabilitation programs:
These are rehab programs where the person with an addiction still lives at home, but actively attends sessions at an outpatient center. This type of rehab is good for people who still need to work or take care of family/children. These programs are usually best for those who have had short-term addictions, and it is easier to relapse as you are free to be out in the world.
Holistic drug rehab programs usually are inpatient programs that use alternative therapies such as yoga, acupuncture, acupressure and more. Whole body wellness and nutrition is the focus, and has been highly effective long term.
Whether you have just recently found yourself with the symptoms of addiction, or you have struggled with your addictions for a long time, there are many different types of programs out there to help in the path to recovery.
Tips For Saving on Rehab Insurance
Americans shopping for their own rehab insurance can substantially cut premiums by following 10 simple steps, according to leading insurers.
You can save money by comparison shopping and exploring various options such as higher deductibles. The lower your deductible, the higher your premium. Comparison shopping also allows you to determine the best cost-benefit value.
For example, many plans cap coverage for serious illness so premiums may be lower than one with a high cap. Always compare benefits, deductibles and premiums and if you have a preferred physician, make sure that he or she is a participant in your plan.
Active role in health care decisions
Take the time to build a good relationship with your doctor and participate actively in your care. Every test and drug has some risk involved, and some tests may be defensive medicine. Ask what will happen if you choose not to take a drug or have a test. Your doctor may be able to suggest alternatives that are less risky and costly.
Avoid hospitalization whenever possible
Over half of all health care costs are for inpatient care. Consider outpatient services or same day surgery as alternatives to hospitalization. Today there are more and better alternatives to inpatient rehab; always do your research.
Understand health risks
Good lifestyle choices, such as regular exercise and consumption of vegetables and fruits, have proven to make a huge positive difference on health even when started in older years. Choices such as smoking, alcohol and drug use, and poor nutrition contribute to a higher risk for health problems.
Contribute to employer sponsored healthcare savings account (HSA)
Health Savings Accounts are tax-protected accounts of up to $10,000 annually that can cover everything from the cost of band-aids to co-payments on doctor visits. HSA’s can be established by employers that only offer high-deductible healthcare insurance ($1,000 and over). HSA legislation went into effect last year and more employers are expected to set these up as a way to decrease insurance costs and offer a tax benefit for their employees.
Know what your medical benefits cover
Carefully study the medical benefits of various plans and always compare before you purchase. If you have a managed care plan, know about the plan’s grievance procedure and use it if you don’t feel you are getting adequate care. – do not be afraid to ask questions
Check your rehabilitation center bills carefully
Billing errors are a common occurrence. Notify your rehab center and health plan promptly when errors are found.